Mongol Empire | A short recap

  • 1206: Temüjin is elected as the supreme leader of the Mongol tribes and takes the title of Genghis Khan.
  • 1207-1227: Genghis Khan and his army conquer neighboring tribes and expand the Mongol Empire, incorporating territories in northern China, Central Asia, and parts of Eastern Europe.
  • 1227-1260: After Genghis Khan’s death, his son Ögedei Khan becomes the new Khan and continues the expansion of the empire.
  • 1258: The Mongols conquer Baghdad, bringing an end to the Abbasid Caliphate.
  • 1260-1294: The reign of Kublai Khan, who completes the conquest of China and establishes the Yuan dynasty. The Mongol Empire becomes the largest contiguous empire in history, stretching from Eastern Europe to East Asia.
  • 1271: Marco Polo arrives in China and enters the service of Kublai Khan.
  • 1294-1335: The reign of Ghazan Khan, a Muslim Mongol who converts the majority of the Mongol Empire to Islam and launches a campaign against the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt.
  • 1368: The collapse of the Mongol Empire in China and the establishment of the Ming dynasty.
  • 1380: The Mongols are defeated by the Grand Duchy of Moscow in the Battle of Kulikovo, signaling the decline of Mongol power in Eastern Europe.
  • 16th-17th centuries: The descendants of Genghis Khan rule over various khanates, including the Kazakh Khanate and the Chagatai Khanate, until they are gradually absorbed by neighboring empires.
  • Present Day: The legacy of the Mongol Empire is still felt in many parts of Eurasia, with cultural and linguistic ties to the Mongols still present in Mongolia, Central Asia, and parts of Russia and China.

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